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Table 3 Published cases of immediate-type hypersensitivity reactions to heparins

From: Allergic anaphylaxis due to subcutaneously injected heparin

No. Age (years) Sex Causative heparin Clinical symptoms Skin test (causative heparin) BAT (causative heparin) Ref.
1 36 m Porcine heparin Blood pressure decrease, airway stoppage, heart fibrillation SPT (titrated) positive n.d. [9]
2 30 f Dalteparin Urticaria, nausea, dyspnea, swollen hands SPT positive IDT (1:100) positive n.d. [6]
3 52 m Heparin Hypotension, tachycardia, loss of consciousness SPT negative IDT (undiluted) positive n.d. [8]
4 42 f Nadroparin Generalised urticaria, angioedema, hypotension, collapse SPT positive n.d. [7]
5 18 f Enoxaparin Erythematous infiltrated plaques, angioedema SPT negative, IDT (diluted?) positive positive [5]
6 27 f Enoxaparin Erythematous infiltrated plaques, angioedema, dizziness, sweating SPT negative, IDT negative negative [5]
7 59 f Dalteparin Blood pressure decrease, frequent arrhythmias, dyspnea n.d. negative [11]
8 52 f Reviparin Dyspnea, cough, wheezing n.d. n.d. [12]
9 67 f Heparin Cardiac and respiratory arrest n.d. n.d. [13]
  1. f = female; m = male; SPT = skin prick test; IDT = intradermal test; n.d. = not done.