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Table 1 Frequency of reaction, medication use and ER visits before, during and after TCM therapy

From: Successful prevention of extremely frequent and severe food anaphylaxis in three children by combined traditional Chinese medicine therapy

# of uses or occurrences 2 year period before TCM During and after the courses of TCM
Total Ave./Year Prior 3 M 1-3 M 4-6 M 7-9 M 10 – 12 M 1 - 1.5 Y 1.5- 2 Y 2 - 2.5 Y
Patient 1
 Allergic Reactions 100 50 10 8 3 3 2 1 1 0
 Epinephrine 50 25 5 3 1 1 1 0 0 0
 Diphenhydramine (p.r.n.) 100 50 10 8 3 3 2 1 1 0
 Prednisone 50 25 5 5 1 1 1 0 0 0
 ER visits 40 20 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Patient 2
 Allergic Reactions 30 15 10 1 2 1 0 0 0** ND
 Epinephrine 34 17 10 0 0 0 0 0 0** ND
 Cetirizine (daily) 730 365 93 30 0 0 0 0 0** ND
 Cetirizine (p.r.n.) 30 15 10 1 0 0 0 0 0** ND
 Diphenhydramine (daily) 730 365 93 30 0 0 0 0 0** ND
 Diphenhydramine (p.r.n.) 30 15 10 1 1 1 0 0 0** ND
 Prednisone 2 NA* 1 0 0 0 0 0 0** ND
 ER visits 10 5 5 0 0 0 0 0 0** ND
Patient 3
 Allergic Reactions 400 200 45 10 2 1 ND ND ND ND
 Epinephrine 5 2.5 2 1 0 0 ND ND ND ND
 Diphenhydramine (p.r.n.) 400 200 45 10 2 1 ND ND ND ND
 Levocetirizine (daily) 730 365 90 60 30 0 ND ND ND ND
 Fexofenadine (daily) 730 365 90 60 0 0 ND ND ND ND
 Prednisone 5 2.5 0 1 0 0 ND ND ND ND
 ER visits 5 2.5 1 1 0 0 ND ND ND ND
  1. Reactions, medication use and ER visits during the prior 2-year period history and during treatment were documented in patient history forms. Patient 1 has completed 2.5 years of TCM treatment. She experienced no reactions during the last 6 months of her TCM course, but continues TCM treatment because she has not yet undergone a food allergy challenge. Patient 2 stopped TCM after 1 year, due to absence of reactions and a successful food allergy challenge. Patient 3 has completed 7 months of TCM, and has experienced a marked reduction in food allergy reactions. He continues TCM therapy. Daily, daily use as preventive treatment. p.r.n., use as needed. *NA, not applicable, because P2 had prednisone reactions and had to stop prednisone use in the subsequent treatment of anaphylactic reaction. **6 months after stopping TCM. ND, not done.