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Table 2 Univariate and multivariate analysis of factors associated with sensitization to aeroallergens

From: Sensitization to common aeroallergens in a population of young adults in a sub-Saharan Africa setting: a cross-sectional study

Variable Positive skin prick test P value Adjusted odds ratio Adjusted P value
Age (increase in)   0.15 1.06 (0.99–1.13) 0.06
BMI (increase in)   0.46
Sex
 Male 121 (41 %) 0.77
 Female 135 (44.6 %)    
Family atopy     
 Yes 114 (51.6 %) 0.001 1.47 (1.02–2.10) 0.03
 No 143 (37.7 %)    
Atopic dermatitis     
 Yes 29 (56.9 %) 0.03 1.52 (0.81–2.86) 0.18
 No 228 (41.5 %)    
Carpet at home     
 Yes 194 (44.7 %) 0.13 1.21 (0.82–1.79) 0.33
 No 63 (38 %)    
Cat     
 Yes 78 (49.7 %) 0.04 1.41 (0.96–2.09) 0.07
 No 179 (40.4 %)    
Dog     
 Yes 74 (43 %) 0.95
 No 183 (42.8 %)    
Moulds     
 Yes 159 (45.2 %) 0.16 0.98 (0.68–1.41) 0.94
 No 98 (39.5 %)    
Allergic rhinitis symptoms     
 Yes 174 (57.8 %) <0.001 3.12 (2.19–4.42) <0.001
 No 83 (27.8 %)    
Wheezing during the last 12 months     
 Yes 34 (68 %) <0.001 2.43 (1.27–4.66) 0.007
 No 223 (40.5 %)