Skip to main content

Table 4 Factors potentially associated with impairment in health-related quality of life (ESPRINT-15) according to the bivariate and simple regression models

From: Reduced work/academic performance and quality of life in patients with allergic rhinitis and impact of allergen immunotherapy

Factors Health-related quality of life (ESPRINT-15)
Adults working Adults studying
n Bivariate analysis Simple regression n Bivariate analysis Simple regression
Mean score SD P value* Beta coefficient Mean score SD P value* Beta coefficient
Sex           
 Male 259 1.79 1.22 0.002 0.276 57 1.81 1.2 0.564  
 Female 257 2.18 1.38 77 1.94 1.15  
Number of visits to allergist           
 <3 293 2.07 1.34 0.069   82 2.03 1.26 0.081 −0.048
 ≥3 218 1.87 1.28   51 1.62 0.98
Type of AR           
 Intermittent 140 1.37 1.06 0.000 0.333 46 1.42 1.04 0.001 0.461
 Persistent 376 2.21 1.33 86 2.14 1.17
 Mild 70 1.04 0.87 16 0.93 0.85
VALERO severity           
 Moderate 282 1.86 1.14 0.000 8.359 80 1.84 1.05 0.000 0.438
 Severe 164 2.59 1.46 38 2.37 1.27
Current AIT           
 No 122 2.73 1.23 0.000 −0.813 29 2.87 1.13 0.000 −1.113
 Yes 382 1.74 1.25 103 1.6 1.03
  1. “Excluded” are the factors discarded by the regression model as potentially associated with productivity impairment
  2. A mean overall score of the ESPRINT-15 questionnaire on the scale of 0 (no impact on HRQOL) to 6 (maximum impact on HRQOL)
  3. Significance values are in italics
  4. AIT allergen immunotherapy, AR allergic rhinitis, SD standard deviation
  5. * P-value for the bivariate analysis was calculated using Mann–Whitney or Kruskal–Wallis tests for independent samples, with a confidence interval of 95 %