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Table 5 Unadjusted and adjusted conditional logistic regression analyses assessing the association between antibiotic drug classification and food allergy diagnosis

From: Antibiotic prescription and food allergy in young children

Antibiotic Classification Unadjusted model Adjusted modela
Odds ratio 95 % CI p value Odds ratio 95 % CI p value
Cephalosporins 1.62 1.40–1.88 <0.001 1.50 1.27–1.77 <0.001
Macrolides 1.34 1.14–1.57 <0.001 1.36 1.13–1.63 0.001
Penicillins 1.21 1.07–1.36 <0.01 1.19 1.04–1.36 0.01
Sulfonamides 1.61 1.29–2.02 <0.001 1.54 1.19–2.01 <0.01
  1. Antibiotics categorized according to American Hospital Formulary Service (AHFS) classification
  2. aAdjusted for vaginal birth, breastfeeding, gestational age, asthma, eczema, wheeze, tobacco pre- and during pregnancy, maternal age, pre-pregnancy diabetes, and urban residence