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Table 4 Prevalence of sleep complaints/disorders in children according to type of AR

From: Poor sleep is highly associated with house dust mite allergic rhinitis in adults and children

  Mild intermittent AR n = 89 Severe intermittent AR n = 18 Mild persistent AR n = 202 Severe persistent AR n = 453 OR [95% CI] (severe persistent AR vs. other AR)e Total n = 843a
Sleep complaints
 Difficulty falling asleep 25 (28.4) 1 (5.6) 40 (19.9) 121 (26.8) 1.206 [0.816–1.780]b 207 (24.7)
 Nocturnal awakening 21 (23.9) 5 (27.8) 51 (25.4) 136 (30.1) 1.142 [0.791–1.648]b 237 (28.2)
 Early awakening 10 (11.4) 1 (5.6) 19 (9.5) 55 (12.2)   93 (11.1)
 Poor-quality sleep 20 (22.7) 4 (22.2) 52 (25.9) 207 (45.8) 2.231 [1.563–3.184]b 313 (37.3)
 Feeling of lack of sleep 25 (30.9) 4 (25.0) 61 (34.1) 209 (52.5)   325 (43.7)
 Snoring 30 (34.1) 7 (38.9) 70 (34.8) 213 (47.1) 1.455 [1.037–2.040]b 347 (41.4)
 ESS >8 9 (11.6) 1 (6.7) 19 (10.1) 99 (22.5) 2.613 [1.553–4.397]c 136 (17.3)
Sleep disorders   1 (5.6) 40 (19.9) 121 (26.8)   
 Clinical insomnia (i.e. moderate or severe) 7 (8.0) 1 (6.3) 10 (5.2) 85 (19.6) 3.335 [1.853–6.002]d 349 (43.2)
 Sleep apnea syndrome 4 (4.5) 0 (0.0) 6 (3.0) 32 (7.1)   47 (5.7)
Other
 Regular use of sedatives 5 (5.9) 0 3 (1.6) 11 (2.5)   22 (2.7)
  1. Data are no. (%), unless otherwise specified. Missing data were excluded for percentage calculations
  2. AR allergic rhinitis, OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval
  3. aType of AR was not recorded for 81 participants
  4. bDifficulty falling asleep/nocturnal awakening/poor-quality sleep/snoring prediction model: yes vs. no
  5. cDaytime sleepiness prediction model: daytime sleepiness (including severe daytime sleepiness) vs. no daytime sleepiness
  6. dInsomnia prediction model: mild or moderate insomnia vs. no insomnia or slight insomnia
  7. eMultivariable logistic regression