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Table 3 Associations between maternal asthma, including timing of onset, and history of food allergy, and daughters' menarche by age 12–14 years (N = 154 dyads)

From: Maternal food allergy is associated with daughters’ menarche in early adolescence

  Unadjusted Model 1a Model 2b
OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
First maternal asthma exacerbation
 Prepubertal 1.00   1.00   1.00  
 Post-pubertal 0.54 0.16; 1.86 0.53 0.10; 2.90 0.34 0.05; 2.34
Maternal asthma
 None 1.00   1.00   1.00  
 First maternal asthma exacerbation before puberty 2.64 0.95; 7.36 2.11 0.59; 7.55 2.73 0.73; 10.19
 First maternal asthma exacerbation after puberty 1.42 0.58; 3.47 1.15 0.38; 3.52 0.92 0.84; 8.70
Maternal comorbid disease
 No asthma or food allergy 1.00   1.00   1.00  
 Asthma or food allergy 2.07 1.04; 4.12 1.71 0.72; 4.07 1.71 0.64; 4.59
 Both asthma and food allergy 4.00 0.93; 17.1 4.53 1.00; 20.6 6.41 1.32; 31.01
  1. Statistically significant values are in italic
  2. aAdjusted for daughter’s birthweight household income, maternal smoking and daughter’s BMI in adolescence
  3. bAdjusted for daughter’s birthweight, household income, maternal smoking, and daughter’s BMI in adolescence and maternal depression following daughter’s birth