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Table 1 Demographic and baseline characteristics of participants

From: Plasma cytokine profiles associated with rhodesiense sleeping sickness and falciparum malaria co-infection in North Eastern Uganda

Characteristic Participant status P value
Malaria HAT HAT + malaria Healthy controls Total n (%)
Subjects n (%) 28 (31.1) 17 (18.9) 15 (16.7) 30 (33.3) 90 (100)  
Average age 25.1 ± 11.1 26.5 ± 13.4 22.3 ± 14.5 36.4 ± 14.4 NA  
Sex
 Male 15 9 10 14 48 (53.3) > 0.05
 Female 13 8 5 16 42 (46.7)  
Age group (years)
 6 < 18 4 5 5 1 15 (16.7) < 0.05a
 ≥ 18 24 12 10 29 75 (83.3)  
HAT stage
 Early NA 7 7 NA 14 (47.8) > 0.05
 Late NA 10 8 NA 18 (56.2)  
  1. HAT Human African Trypanosomiasis, NA not applicable
  2. aSignificantly higher in participants ≥ 18 years, 6 < 18; young adults, ≥ 18; adults