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Table 5 Association of sleep hygiene with asthma, allergic rhinitis, eczema

From: Associations of sleep characteristics with atopic disease: a cross-sectional study among Chinese adolescents

  Sleep hygiene, odds ratio (95% confidence interval)
  Subscale 1 p p* Subscale 2 p p* Subscale 3 p p* Subscale 4 p p* Subscale 5 p p*
Asthma                
 Adjusted model 1 1.73 (1.29–2.33) < 0.001 < 0.001 1.55 (1.12–2.13) 0.008 0.02 1.27 (0.92–1.76) 0.15 0.32 1.56 (1.12–2.17) 0.008 0.02 1.56 (1.14–2.15) 0.006 0.02
 Adjusted model 2 1.75 (1.30–2.37) < 0.001 < 0.001 1.54 (1.12–2.13) 0.009 0.03 1.24 (0.90–1.73) 0.19 0.42 1.56 (1.12–2.18) 0.008 0.03 1.57 (1.13–2.16) 0.006 0.03
 Adjusted model 3 1.69 (1.24–2.29) < 0.001 < 0.001 1.48 (1.07–2.07) 0.02 0.06 1.22 (0.88–1.70) 0.24 0.51 1.52 (1.08–2.12) 0.02 0.06 1.50 (1.08–2.08) 0.02 0.06
Allergic rhinitis                
 Adjusted model 1 1.41 (1.14–1.74) 0.001 0.005 1.23 (0.97–1.54) 0.08 0.13 1.41 (1.14–1.76) 0.002 0.008 1.35 (1.07–1.70) 0.01 0.03 1.24 (0.99–1.55) 0.06 0.12
 Adjusted model 2 1.41 (1.14–1.75) 0.001 0.005 1.20 (0.95–1.51) 0.12 0.19 1.38 (1.11–1.72) 0.004 0.02 1.34 (1.06–1.69) 0.02 0.04 1.23 (0.98–1.55) 0.07 0.13
 Adjusted model 3 1.40 (1.13–1.73) 0.002 0.01 1.17 (0.93–1.48) 0.19 0.25 1.36 (1.09–1.70) 0.006 0.02 1.32 (1.04–1.69) 0.02 0.005 1.23 (0.98–1.54) 0.08 0.15
Eczema                
 Adjusted model 1 1.67 (1.33–2.08) < 0.001 < 0.001 1.82 (1.44–2.30) < 0.001  < 0.001 1.77 (1.41–2.22) < 0.001 < 0.001 1.55 (1.21–1.98) < 0.001 < 0.001 1.42 (1.12–1.80) 0.004 0.007
 Adjusted model 2 1.68 (1.34–2.10) < 0.001 < 0.001 1.82 (1.44–2.29) < 0.001  < 0.001 1.73 (1.37–2.17) 0.001 < 0.001 1.54 (1.20–1.97) 0.001 0.002 1.43 (1.12–1.82) 0.004 0.007
 Adjusted model 3 1.66 (1.32–2.09) < 0.001 < 0.001 1.78 (1.41–2.26) < 0.001  < 0.001 1.71 (1.36–2.16) < 0.001 < 0.001 1.53 (1.19–1.96) 0.001 0.002 1.41 (1.11–1.81) 0.005 0.008
  1. Adjusted model 1 was adjusted for demographic characteristics, family structure and socioeconomic status
  2. Adjusted model 2 was further adjusted for conditions of gestation, delivery and feeding besides the covariates in adjusted model 1
  3. Adjusted model 3 was further adjusted for health problems, daily activity and behavior routine besides the covariates in adjusted model2
  4. Subscale 1, sleep physiology; Subscale 2, sleep cognition; Subscale 3, sleep emotion; Subscale 4, sleep environment; Subscale 5, sleep stability
  5. *p value corrected
  6. aStatistically significant results (p < 0.05) are in italics