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Table 4 The associations of allergic diseases and allergic sensitization with eczema/EAH

From: Prevalence of adult eczema, hay fever, and asthma, and associated risk factors: a population-based study in the northern Grassland of China

Characteristics n Eczema EAH#
P OR 95% CI P OR 95% CI
Hay fever 431 0.003 1.51 1.15–1.98
Allergic rhinitis 746 < 0.001 1.57 1.23–1.99 < 0.001 22.53 11.31–44.89
Allergic conjunctivitis 775 < 0.001 1.57 1.24–1.99 < 0.001 3.45 2.29–5.19
Asthma 136 0.02 1.64 1.49–2.08
Food allergy 276 < 0.001 2.86 2.14–3.82 < 0.001 2.76 1.77–4.30
Drug allergy 446 0.001 1.57 1.20–2.05 0.047 1.55 1.01–2.38
Disease kinds        
 One disease 608 < 0.001 1.83 1.33–2.52 0.001 2.17 1.35–3.49
 Two diseases 453 < 0.001 1.94 1.38–2.73 < 0.001 5.22 3.03–8.98
 ≥ 3 diseases 260 < 0.001 3.66 2.56–5.24 < 0.001 27.32 11.38–65.58
SPT positive        
 Pollen 843 0.035 1.29 1.02–1.64 0.003 1.82 1.23–2.68
 HDM 300 0.007 1.52 1.12–2.07 0.007 1.90 1.19–3.03
 Pollen + HDM 883 0.015 1.34 1.06–1.69 0.002 1.88 1.27–2.79
  1. aHay fever and asthma were not included when evaluating the associations of allergic diseases and disease kinds with EAH