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Table 5 Potential risk factors for allergy among primary school children in Sululta, Ethiopia, 2017 (n = 526)

From: Intestinal helminthic infection and allergic disorders among school children enrolled in mass deworming program, Sululta, Ethiopia

Variables Total Any allergy COR 95% CI P-value AOR 95% CI P-value
Yes (%) No (%)
Sex
 Male 220 55 (25.0) 165 (75.0) 1.103 0.736–1.653 0.634    
 Female 306 71 (23.2) 235(76.8) 1      
Age category
 5–9 158 33 (20.9) 125 (79.1) 1      
 10–14 368 93 (25.3) 275 (74.7) 1.281 0.817–2.009 0.281    
Residence
 Urban 400 97 (24.3) 303 (75.7) 1.071 0.667–1.720 0.777    
 Rural 126 29 (23) 97 (77) 1      
Animal
 Yes 346 85 (24.6) 261 (75.4) 1.104 0.721–1.690 0.648    
 No 180 41 (22.8) 139 (77.2) 1      
Charcoal
 Yes 521 125 (24.0) 396 (76.0) 1.263 0.140–11.401 0.835    
 No 5 1 (20.0) 4 (60.0) 1      
Electric
 Yes 174 48 (27.6) 126 (72.4) 1.338 0.882–2.030 0.171    
 No 352 78 (22.2) 274 (77.8) 1      
Deworming
 Yes 427 94 (22.0) 333 (80.0) 0.596 0.368–0.957 0.032 0.591 0.366–0.955 0.034
 No 99 32 (32.3) 67 (67.8) 1      
Any allergen
 Yes 27 12 (44.4) 15 (55.6) 2.702 1.229–5.937 0.013 2.787 1.253–6.197 0.012
 No 499 114 (22.8) 385 (77.2) 1    1   
Parental allergy
 Yes 58 25 (56.9) 33 (43.1) 2.753 1.565–4.841 0.000 2.647 1.494–4.691 0.001
 No 468 101 (21.6) 367 (78.4) 1