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Table 4 Association with respiratory symptoms and Staphylococcus aureus groups by multivariate analysis

From: Differences between Staphylococcus aureus nasal carriage and IgE-sensitization to Staphylococcus aureus enterotoxin on risk factors and effects in adult population

  Cough Sputum production
Adjusted Model* OR (95% CI) P value Adjusted model* OR (95% CI) P value
SA carriage 3.044 (1.137–8.153) 0.027 2.429 (1.008–5.854) 0.048
SE IgE-sensitization 1.943 (0.716–5.273) 0.192 2.452 (1.066–5.640) 0.035
SA carriage and SE IgE-sensitization group
 SA carriage (+), SE IgE-sensitization (+) 6.303 (1.231–32.272) 0.027 7.258 (2.163–24.361) 0.001
 SA carriage (+), SE IgE-sensitization (−) 3.824 (1.093–13.383) 0.036 1.350 (0.398–4.574) 0.630
 SA carriage (−), SE IgE-sensitization (+) 2.632 (0.693–9.990) 0.155 1.586 (0.560–4.493) 0.386
 SA carriage (−), SE IgE-sensitization (−) Ref.   Ref.  
  1. SA carriage Staphylococcus aureus nasal carriage, SE Staphylococcus aureus enterotoxin, SE IgE-sensitization IgE-sensitization to Staphylococcus aureus enterotoxin, OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval. Bold indicates significant differences (P-value < 0.05). *Adjusted for age, sex, body mass index, smoking status, environmental group, asthma and allergic rhinitis