Skip to content


  • Meeting abstract
  • Open Access

The Allergic Rhinitis - Clinical Investigator Collaborative (AR-CIC) - optimizing the Nasal Allergen Challenge (NAC) model

  • 1Email author,
  • 1,
  • 2,
  • 3,
  • 4,
  • 5,
  • 5,
  • 4,
  • 3,
  • 6 and
  • 1, 2
Allergy, Asthma & Clinical Immunology201410(Suppl 2):A62

Published: 18 December 2014


  • Rhinitis
  • Allergic Rhinitis
  • Allergic Rhinitis
  • Reproducible Result
  • Clinical Investigator


We sought to optimize the Nasal Allergen Challenge (NAC) model to ensure reliability and repeatability of results by modifying the qualifying criteria and allergen concentration during the challenge.


20 Allergic Rhinitis (AR) participants underwent NAC to determine the concentration at which a Total Nasal Symptom Score (TNSS) of 10/12 OR a Peak Nasal Inspiratory Flow (PNIF) reduction of 50 % was achieved. 4-fold increases in allergen concentration were administered every 15 minutes until qualification criteria were met. The Qualifying Allergen Concentration (QAC) reached was used as a single challenge dose at the subsequent NAC visit. 10 additional ragweed allergic and 4 non-allergic participants were qualified at a TNSS of 8/12 AND a PNIF reduction of 50%. Cumulative Allergen Concentration (CAC) of all incremental doses was used during the subsequent NAC visit. Participants recorded TNSS and PNIF at baseline, 15 minutes, 30 minutes, 1 hour and hourly afterwards up to 12 hours post-challenge during the NAC visit.


QAC study participants qualifying only based on PNIF reduction had significantly lower TNSS scores than those qualifying on TNSS only or TNSS+PNIF (p<0.01). Participants in both studies’ NAC visit reached peak TNSS at 15 minutes post-challenge followed by a gradual symptom decline, while the “PNIF only” group had significantly lower TNSS compared to others. All 3 groups experienced a decline in peak TNSS following NAC compared to screening, although groups qualifying on TNSS and TNSS+PNIF maintained their PNIF scores.


The NAC model is well-suited to study AR symptoms. TNSS and PNIF are complementary and must be integrated in the qualifying criteria. Further protocol modifications, such as with multiple allergen challenges during the NAC visit, may produce even more repeatable results. Through optimizing the NAC protocol, the model achieves reproducible results and becomes more reliable; suitable for testing new medications in clinical trials.

Authors’ Affiliations

Departments of Medicine and Biomedical & Molecular Science, Queen’s University, Kingston, Canada
Allergy Research Unit, Kingston General Hospital, Kingston, Canada
Institut Universitaire de Cardiologie et de Pneumologie de Quebec, Quebec City, Canada
Pulmonary Research Group, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada
Department of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada
Firestone Institute for Respiratory Health, McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada


© Soliman et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2014

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.