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Table 1 Most common treatments, testing, and treated conditions advertised on Alberta and BC naturopath clinics' websites.

From: Supported by science?: What Canadian naturopaths advertise to the public

  Alberta (53 clinic websites) British Columbia (53 clinic websites*)
Treatments 53 Total
Top ten:
56 Total
Top ten:
  1. Homeopathy (50, 94%) 1. Botanical Medicine (45, 85%)
  2. Clinical Nutrition (49, 93%) 2. Clinical Nutrition (44, 83%)
  3. Botanical Medicine (47, 89%) 3. Homeopathy (42, 79%)
  4. Acupuncture and Traditional Chinese Medicine (44, 83%) 4. Acupuncture and Traditional Chinese Medicine (40, 76%)
  5. Lifestyle Counseling (38, 72%) 5. Lifestyle Counseling (31, 59%)
  6. Detoxification or Biotherapeutic Drainage (27, 51%) 6. Detoxification or Biotherapeutic Drainage (24, 45%)
  7. Massage (26, 49%) 7. IV Therapies (22, 41%)
  8. Hydrotherapy (24, 45%) 8. Bowen Technique (19, 36%)
  9. Chiropractics and/or Cranial Sacral Manipulation (23, 43%) 9. Chiropractics and/or Cranial Sacral Manipulation (17, 32%)
  10. IV Therapies (20, 38%) 10. Neural Therapy (15, 28%)
Testing or Lab Analysis 43 Total
Top ten:
42 Total
Top ten:
  1. Allergy Testing (24, 45%) 1. Heavy Metal Testing/Chelation Therapy (23, 43%)Hormone Testing (23, 43%)
  2. Hormone Testing (23, 43%) 2. Allergy Testing (22, 42%)
  3. Heavy Metal Testing/Chelation Therapy (20, 38%) 3. Blood Work (14, 26%)
  4. Urinalysis (14, 26%) 4. VEGA (Electro-dermal testing) (13, 25%)
  5. Bio Impedence Analysis (10, 19%) Hair Analysis (10, 19%) 5. Urinalysis (12, 23%)
Hair Analysis (12, 23%)
  6. Adrenal Testing (9, 17%)
Blood Work (9, 17%)
6. Blood Typing (11, 21%)
  7. VEGA (Electro-dermal testing) (6, 11%)
Live Blood Cell Analysis (6, 11%)
Thyroid Testing (6, 11%)
Bowel Toxicity (6, 11%)
7. Gynecological Exam (10, 19%)
Annual Physical Exam (10, 19%)
  8. Breast Exams (5, 9%)
Blood Typing (5, 9%)
Gynecological Exam (5, 9%)
Neurotransmitter Testing (5, 9%)
8. Stool Analysis (9, 17%)
  9. Annual Physical Exam (4, 7.5%)
Genomic Testing (4, 7.5%)
9. Parasite Testing (7, 13%)
  10. Estrogen Metabolism Testing (3, 6%)
Zinc Tally Testing (3, 6%)
Body Composition Testing (3, 6%)
Parasite Testing (3, 6%)
10. Thyroid Testing (6, 11%)
Adrenal Testing (6, 11%)
Bio Impedence Analysis (6, 11%)
Ailments Treated** 40 Total
Top ten:
43 Total
Top ten:
  1. Allergies (32, 60%) 1. Allergies (25, 47%)
  2. Digestive Disorders (28, 53%) 2. Women's Health (24, 45%)
  3. Pain (Chronic and acute) (26, 49%)
Women's Health (26, 49%)
3. Digestive Disorders (19, 36%)
  4. Fatigue, Low Energy (25, 47%)
Weight Management/Obesity (25, 47%)
4. Cardiovascular Issues (18, 34%)
  5. Fertility Issues (24, 45%)
Cardiovascular Issues (24, 45%)
5. Fatigue, Low Energy (17, 32%)
Weight Management/Obesity (17, 32%)
  6. Skin Disorders (22, 42%)
Headaches/Migraines (22, 42%)
6. Diabetes (14, 26%)
  7. Diabetes (21, 40%)
Sport Injuries (21, 40%)
7. Pain (Chronic and Acute) (13, 25%)
Skin Disorders (13, 25%)
Arthritis (13, 25%)
Cold and Flu (13, 25%)
  8. Autoimmune Diseases (20, 38%)
Chronic Illnesses (20, 38%)
Arthritis (20, 38%)
8. Autoimmune Diseases (12, 23%)
Depression/Anxiety (12, 23%)
Fertility Issues (12, 23%)
Menopause (12, 23%)
Sport Injuries (12, 23%)
Fibromyalgia (12, 23%)
  9. Menopause (19, 36%)
Pre- and Post-natal Health (19, 36%) Fibromyalgia (19, 36%)
9. Cancer (11, 21%)
Stress (11, 21%)
  10. Cancer (18, 34%) 10. Thyroid Problems (10, 19%)
Headaches/Migraines (10, 19%)
  1. * There are 191 clinic websites listed for BC. We chose a random sample of 53 clinics to match the number of Alberta clinic websites we examined.
  2. **This includes specific ailments or conditions that were named, but many websites finish their lists with: "and many more" or "This is only a sampling of conditions treated at our centre", or some claim, "Naturopathic Physicians work with virtually all acute and chronic conditions".