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Table 2 Primary effects of glucocorticoids (GCs)[1]

From: A practical guide to the monitoring and management of the complications of systemic corticosteroid therapy

Anti-inflammatory: Inhibit inflammation by blocking the action of inflammatory mediators (transrepression), or by inducing anti-inflammatory mediators (transactivation)
Immunosuppressive: Suppress delayed hypersensitivity reactions by directly affecting T-lymphocytes
Anti-proliferative: Inhibition of DNA synthesis and epidermal cell turnover
Vasoconstrictive: Inhibit the action of histamine and other vasoconstrictive mediators
  1. DNA deoxyribonucleic acid.