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Table 2 Demographics and clinical characteristics about bronchial asthma (N=450)

From: Improper inhaler technique is associated with poor asthma control and frequent emergency department visits

Characteristics Levels N (%)
Age, (Mean ± SD)   42.3 ± 16.7
Duration of illness in weeks, (Mean ± SD)   155.90 ± 127.13
Duration of illness, n(%) > 1 Year 429 (95.97)
Gender, n(%) Female 274 (60.9)
Marital status Married 371 (83.6)
Improper use of asthma inhaler devices   203 (45.0)
Education level High school or less 387 (86.0)
  University 62 (13.8)
  Missing 1(0.2)
Follow-up consistently with doctor   270 (60.0)
Follow-up clinic PHC/FM 208(46.2)
  Pulmonary 46(10.2)
  Internal Medicine 8(1.8)
  Others 8(1.8)
  No follow-up 180(40)
No education about asthma   232(51.6)
No education about medication   183(40.7)
ER visits ≥3 165(36.7)
Asthma control Uncontrolled 105(23.3)
  Partially controlled 335(74.4)
  Complete control 8(1.8)
  Missing 2(0.5)
Received health education about asthma disease from a physician   200 (44.5)
Received health education about asthma disease from a health educator   35(7.8)
Received health education about asthma disease from a pharmacist   21(4.7)
Knew about asthma disease independently   27(6.0)
Device MDI 361(80.2)
  Turbuhaler 43 (9.6)
  Diskus 38 (8.4)
  MDI with spacer 3 (0.7)
  Missing 5 (1.1)
  1. All percentages were rounded to one decimal place.