Skip to main content

Table 3 Distribution of study participants by exposure to risk factors for allergy-related conditions

From: Risk factors associated with asthma, atopic dermatitis and rhinoconjunctivitis in a rural Senegalese cohort

A. Asthma Asthma status
No Yes Total P-value
N % N % N %
Total 280 87.2 41 12.8 321 100  
Risk factor
 Cat presence 0.01
  No 53 19.0 3 7.3 56 17.5
  Yes 226 81.0 38 92.7 264 82.5
 Dog contact 0.006
  No 172 61.6 16 40.0 188 58.9
  Yes 107 38.4 24 60.0 131 41.1
 Chicken presence 0.008
  No 18 6.4 4 9.8 22 6.9
  Yes 262 93.6 37 90.2 299 93.1
 Child’s mattress composition 0.04
  Other 26 9.3 7 17.1 33 10.3
  Synthetic 254 90.7 34 82.9 288 89.7
B. Atopic dermatitis AD status
No Yes Total P-value
N % N % N %
Total 282 87.9 39 12.1 321 100  
Risk factor
 Cat presence 0.048
  No 46 16.4 10 25.6 56 17.5
  Yes 235 83.6 29 74.4 264 82.5
 Cow presence 0.006
  No 189 67.0 19 48.7 208 64.8
  Yes 93 33.0 20 51.3 113 35.2
C. Rhinoconjunctivitis RC status
No Yes Total P-value
N % N % N %
Total 281 87.5 40 12.5 321 100  
Risk factor
 History of helminth infestation 0.005
  No 218 77.9 25 62.5 243 75.9
  Yes 62 22.1 15 37.5 77 24.1
 Chicken contact 0.007
  No 53 18.9 2 5.0 55 17.1
  Yes 228 81.1 38 95.0 266 82.9
 Child’s mattress composition <0.001
  Straw and other dry plant matter 265 94.3 34 85.0 299 93.1
  Other 16 5.7 6 15.0 22 6.9
 Cooker 0.033
  No 156 55.5 26 65.0 182 56.7
  Yes 125 44.5 14 35.0 139 43.3
 Solar 0.014
  No 46 16.4 9 22.5 55 17.1
  Yes 235 83.6 31 77.5 266 82.9
 Storing whey cream <0.001
  No 254 90.4 26 65.0 280 87.2
  Yes 27 9.6 14 35.0 41 12.8
 Stock millet 0.042
  No 148 52.7 24 60.0 172 53.6
  Yes 133 47.3 16 40.0 149 46.4
 Rug <0.001
  No 179 63.7 10 25.0 189 58.9
  Yes 102 36.3 30 75.0 132 41.1
 Consumption of sea food
  Never 71 25.3 2 5.0 73 22.7  
  <Once/week 149 53.0 17 42.5 166 51.7 0.01
  1–2 times/week 47 16.7 15 37.5 62 19.3 <0.001
  ≥Once/day 14 5.0 6 15.0 20 6.2 0.002
 Weight <0.001
  Mean + SD Weight (n) 20.6 + 10.3 (280)   18.3 + 10.2 (40)    
D. Atopy Atopy status P-value
No Yes Total
N % N % N %
Total 252 78.5 69 21.5 321 100  
Risk factor
 Storing whey cream 0.021
  No 222 89.5 53 77.9 275 87.0
  Yes 26 10.5 15 22.1 41 13.0
  1. For each risk factor, shown are the number and percentages of participants with/without the risk factor for each allergic status (No/Yes). Also shown are the corresponding P values in the final analyses. A. Asthma, B. Atopic dermatitis, C. Rhinoconjunctivitis, D. Atopy