Skip to main content

Table 3 Prevalence of sleep complaints/disorders in adults according to type of AR

From: Poor sleep is highly associated with house dust mite allergic rhinitis in adults and children

  Mild intermittent AR n = 51 Severe intermittent AR n = 31 Mild persistent AR n = 184 Severe persistent AR n = 548 OR [95% CI] (severe persistent AR vs. other AR)e Total n = 907a
Sleep complaints
 Difficulty falling asleep 7 (13.7) 7 (22.6) 34 (18.6) 171 (31.2) 2.160 [1.458–3.202]b 244 (27.0)
 Nocturnal awakening 16 (31.4) 7 (22.6) 55 (30.1) 229 (41.8) 1.683 [1.198–2.363]b 340 (37.6)
 Early awakening 6 (11.8) 2 (6.5) 13 (7.1) 81 (14.8)   117 (12.9)
 Poor-quality sleep 19 (37.3) 12 (38.7) 71 (38.8) 307 (56.0) 1.657 [1.200–2.290]b 455 (50.3)
 Feeling of lack of sleep 20 (44.4) 16 (53.3) 78 (47.9) 325 (64.5)   485 (58.4)
 Snoring 17 (33.3) 16 (51.6) 86 (47.0) 272 (49.6) 1.175 [0.848–1.629]b 435 (48.1)
 ESS >8 10 (21.7) 11 (33.4) 39 (21.3) 171 (30.9) 1.368 [0.935–2.001]c 255 (29.7)
Sleep disorders
 Clinical insomnia (i.e., moderate or severe) 8 (15.7) 5 (16.1) 30 (16.5) 176 (32.7) 2.202 [1.475–3.286]d 245 (27.4)
 Sleep apnea syndrome 6 (11.8) 5 (16.1) 15 (8.2) 73 (13.4)   112 (12.5)
Other
 Regular use of sedatives 2 (4.3) 0 9 (5.1) 35 (6.6)   52 (5.9)
  1. Data are no. (%), unless otherwise specified. Missing data were excluded for percentage calculations
  2. AR allergic rhinitis, OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval
  3. aType of AR was not recorded for 93 participants
  4. bDifficulty falling asleep/nocturnal awakening/poor-quality sleep/snoring prediction model: yes vs. no
  5. cDaytime sleepiness prediction model: daytime sleepiness (including severe daytime sleepiness) vs. no daytime sleepiness
  6. dInsomnia prediction model: moderate or severe insomnia vs. no insomnia or mild insomnia
  7. eMultivariable logistic regression