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Table 1 Foods included in the food groups used for data analyses 

From: Maternal diet before and during pregnancy and risk of asthma and allergic rhinitis in children

Food group Foods included
Eggs Fried eggs, omelettes, poached eggs, hard- and soft-boiled eggs
Meats “Grilled, roasted, or sautéed” beef, ground beef patty, pork (except charcuterie), veal, lamb, or mutton
Poultry Poultry (chicken, turkey, …), rabbit
Fish Fresh or frozen fish (cod, pollack, whiting, sole, trout, …), canned fish in oil (tuna, sardines, …), smoked or salted fish (salmon, herring, …), breaded fish, fish-based ready-made dishes, shellfish (mussels, oysters, shrimp)
Cheeses Emmental, Gruyère, Comté, Beaufort, Bonbel, Babybel, Gouda, Edam, Cantal, Tommes, Morbier, St. Nectaire, Reblochon, ….
Brie, Camembert, Pont l’Evêque, Munster, Vacherin, St Marcelin, Caprice des Dieux-type cheese, …
Roquefort, blue cheese of any origin
Chèvre, fresh cheese (brands such as Le Tartare, Kiri, …)
Milk Whole milk, semi-skimmed milk, skimmed milk
Fats Butter, margarine, non-fat-reduced crème fraîche
Cooked green vegetables Green beans, endives, spinach, cress, leek, cabbage, cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, broccoli, carrots, zucchini, eggplant (ratatouille, …), peas, other vegetables (turnip, chard, …), vegetable soup, corn, pumpkin/squash, sweet potatoes, soybean sprouts
Raw vegetables Green salad, endives, cress, spinach, grated carrot, celery, tomatoes, beets, cabbage, cucumber, radish, avocado, sprouts, …
Grains Bread (white, wholewheat,…), biscotti, crispbreads, cereal
Fruit Apricots, melon, mangoes, peaches, prunes, cherries, strawberries, raspberries, bananas, kiwi, citrus fruit, apples, pears, grapes, other fresh fruit, dried apricots or peaches, other dried fruits
Fruit juices Orange juice, grapefruit juice, pineapple juice, apple juice, grape juice, etc.