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Table 1 Background characteristics of the study population, by gender

From: Food allergy-related concerns during the transition to self-management

  Males (n = 68) Females (n = 69)
n Mean 95% CI n Mean 95% CI
Age (years) 68 24.8 12.7; 59.4 69 33.5 13.5; 64.8
Average number of allergies to common foods 68 1.5 1; 3 69 1.5 1; 3
Average number of allergies to other foodsa 68 1.6 0; 4 69 1.7 0; 4
Time since worst reaction (years) 65 5.3 0.4; 15 59 5.0 0.2; 15
  Males (n = 68) Females (n = 69)
n Percent 95% CI n Percent 95% CI
By age category (years)
 < 18 39 57.4 44.8; 69.3 18 26.1 16.3; 38.1
 18–39 16 23.5 14.1; 35.4 25 36.2 25.0; 48.7
 ≥ 40 13 19.1 10.6; 30.5 26 37.7 26.3; 50.2
Allergies to common foodsb
 Cow’s milk 40 58.8 46.2; 70.6 35 50.7 38.4; 63.0
 Hen’s egg 43 63.2 50.7; 74.6 42 60.9 48.3; 72.4
 Wheat 20 29.4 19.0; 41.7 25 36.2 25.0; 48.7
Allergies to other foodsa
 Peanuts/tree nuts 44 64.7 52.2; 75.9 45 65.2 52.8; 76.3
 Fish/shellfish 23 33.8 22.8; 46.2 23 33.3 22.4; 45.7
 Soy 11 16.2 8.4; 27.1 13 18.8 10.4; 30.1
 Sesame 7 10.3 4.2; 20.1 3 4.3 0.9; 12.2
 Fruits/vegetables 26 38.2 26.7; 50.8 31 44.9 32.9; 57.4
Self-reported symptomsb
 Oral 66 97.1 89.8; 99.6 66 95.7 87.8; 99.1
 Rhinoconjunctivitis 38 55.9 43.3; 67.9 38 55.1 42.6; 67.1
 Dermatological 45 55.9 43.3; 67.9 45 55.1 42.6; 67.1
 Gastrointestinal 41 60.3 47.7; 72.0 56 81.2 69.9; 89.6
 Lower respiratory 52 76.5 64.6; 85.9 51 73.9 61.9; 83.7
 Cardiovascular/neurological 24 35.3 24.1; 47.8 26 37.7 26.3; 50.2
 Epinephrine auto-injector prescription 47 69.1 56.7; 79.8 37 53.6 41.2; 65.7
  1. aIncludes participant-perceived or doctor-diagnosed allergies to other foods
  2. bNon-mutually exclusive categories. Percentages reflect the proportion of respondents with a particular characteristic (type of food allergy, symptom) in relation to the total number of males/females. As such, column percentages exceed 100%