Skip to main content

Table 3 Associations between gender-specific age categories and total- and domain specific health-related quality of life (HRQL), in the entire study population

From: Food allergy-related concerns during the transition to self-management

  Overall HRQL AADR EI RAE
Mean βa 95% CI Mean βa 95% CI Mean βa 95% CI Mean βa 95% CI
Males (years)
 < 18  4.81 Referent   5.14 Referent   4.35 Referent   4.46 Referent  
 18–39 5.63 0.73 0.07; 1.39 6.12 0.93 0.23; 1.62 5.11 0.64 − 0.15; 1.43 4.75 0.14 − 1.01; 1.28
 40+ 4.80 0.18 − 0.58; 0.93 5.48 0.43 − 0.36; 1.21 4.15 0.13 − 0.77; 1.04 3.46 − 0.66 − 1.96; 0.64
Females (years)
 < 18 5.29 Referent   5.49 Referent   5.31 Referent   4.42 Referent  
 18–39 5.15 0.33 − 0.82; 0.51 5.61 0.10 − 0.61; 0.80 4.68 − 0.65 − 1.45; 0.15 4.28 − 0.19 − 1.25; 0.86
 40+ 5.27 0.31 − 0.03; 0.39 5.76 0.33 − 0.34; 1.00 4.52 − 0.63 − 1.40; 0.13 4.98 0.63 − 0.37; 1.63
  1. Italic denotes statistically significant results
  2. HRQL is on a scale from 1 to 7, where 1 = best possible HRQL, and 7 = worst possible HRQL
  3. HRQL health-related quality of life, AADR allergen avoidance and dietary restrictions, EI emotional impact, RAE risk of accidental exposure
  4. p < 0.05
  5. p < 0.01
  6. aRepresent mean difference in outcome compared to the reference group. Calculated by linear regression, adjusted for number of food allergies and prescription of an epinephrine autoinjector