# Table 2 Outcome variables by using Analyses of covariance (covariate = baseline values) of differences between baseline (t0) and follow-up (t1) for the Intervention Group and the Control Group

Outcome variables

Intervention Group (IG)

Control Group

(CG)

IG- CG

p

Effect size (r)

Estimated marginal means and 95% CI of differences (t1-t0)

Estimated marginal means and 95% CI of differences (t1-t0)

Estimated marginal means and 95% CI of differences

((IG t1-t0)—(CG t1-t0))

Mean (95% CI)

Mean (95% CI)

Mean (95% CI)

Subjective self-assurancea

2.141 (1.71; 2.57)

1.049 (0.66; 1.44)

1.092 (0.50; 1.68)

0.001

0.457

Willingness to carry medicationb

0.112 (− 0.54; 0.77)

0.373 (− 0.22; 0.97)

− 0.261 (− 1.19; 0.63)

0.560

0.081

− 0.511 (− 1.20; 0.18)

− 0.008 (− 0.64; 0.63)

− 0.503 (− 1.44; 0.44)

0.288

0.147

− 0.543 (− 1.45; 0.37)

− 0.114 (− 0.95; 0.72)

− 0.429 (− 1.66; 0.81)

0.488

0.096

One-time WTPc

41.055 (− 294; 376.1)

275.815 (6.64; 545.0)

− 234.76 (− 667.91; 198.4)

0.277

0.198

Knowledge quiz

0.555 (− 0.03; 1.14)

0.138 (− 0.40; 0.67)

0.417 (− 0.38; 1.21)

0.288

0.144

Simulation test

3.673 (2.86; 4.49)

2.106 (1.37; 2.84)

1.567 (0.43; 2.71)

0.008

0.357

1. CI: confidence interval. Effect size: > 0.1 weak effect, > 0.25 medium effect, > 0.4 strong effect. HADS: Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. €: Euro. t0: baseline. t1: follow-up. Significant findings are highlighted in italics
2. aSubjective self-assurance in using the emergency medication
3. bWillingness to always carry the emergency medication
4. cAbsolute one-time willingness-to-pay (WTP) for a complete cure