Volume 10 Supplement 1
Estimating the impact of temperature and air pollution on cardiopulmonary and diabetic health during the TORONTO 2015 Pan Am/Parapan Am Games
© Feldman et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2014
Published: 3 March 2014
The TORONTO 2015 Pan Am/Parapan Am Games will attract thousands of visitors to Ontario, many of whom may suffer from chronic disease. It has been shown that those with asthma, asthma-related conditions, hypertension and diabetes are particularly sensitive to worsening air quality .
To predict patterns of temperature, humidity and air quality, as well as health service use for cardiopulmonary conditions and diabetes in July 2015.
Exposure data (temperature, humidity and air pollution) were obtained from Environment Canada for years 2003 to 2010. Using ArcGIS, the geospatial patterns of exposures were described for regions of Ontario hosting Pan Am events. A linear trend was used to forecast expected exposures for Pan Am regions in July 2015. Health outcomes (hospitalizations, emergency department visits and outpatient claims) for all-cause morbidity, asthma, asthma-related conditions, diabetes and hypertension were measured using data provided by the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences. Associations between exposures and health outcomes were obtained from regression models. Health outcomes were predicted for July 2015 using scenarios of 5% and 10% higher exposure levels than forecasted.
For Pan Am regions: observed and forecasted exposures, with predicted daily health service use rates for all-cause morbidity in July 2015 under scenarios of 5% and 10% higher exposure levels than forecasted
Emergency Department Visitsc
Temperature (°C) a
With thousands more people being exposed to Ontario’s weather and air pollution in July 2015, it is especially important to consider strategies to minimize the environmental impact of human activities. This will lessen the potential burden on individuals, especially those living with chronic disease.
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This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.