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Association between filaggrin family member genes, asthma, atopy and atopic asthma with atopic dermatitis history in the subjects from the Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean founder population

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Objective/purpose

To perform an association study between the filaggrin (FLG) and the filaggrin family member 2 (FLG2) tagging single nucleotide polymorphisms (tagSNPs) and asthma, atopy, atopic asthma, as well as these affections in the presence of atopic dermatitis (AD).

Methods

Five tagSNPs covering FLG have been genotyped in 237 trios from the Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean population using a Sequenom panel. In addition, a genome-wide association study (GWAS) has also been done for the same trios in the large-scale GABRIEL project http://www.gabriel-fp6.org/. The polymorphisms (SNPs) included in FLG and FLG2 as well as those in the 3' and 5' UTR regions were extracted. Six SNPs were extracted for FLG (for a total of 11 SNPs when including the Sequenom panel) and 2 SNPs for FLG2. The association study for all the affections was done using a family-based association test (FBAT). The results were corrected using the Li and Ji method [1].

Findings

Positive associations were found between a haplotype block formed by FLG rs2184951 and rs12730241 (H1) and asthma and related phenotypes (see results in Table 1).

Table 1 Association of FLG haplotype and tagSNPs with asthma and atopy (A) and with asthma and atopy that co-occur with the presence of a personal history of atopic dermatitis (B)

Deliverables

To conclude, FLG and FLG2 are genes associated with asthma. Functional studies will be necessary to document the molecular structure (sequence) and role of these genes in asthma and the impact of the genetic variants.

Relevance

Identification of associated genes is fundamental to document the molecular nature of asthma in order to increase knowledge of the pathophysiology of this complex trait.

References

  1. 1.

    Li J, Ji L: Adjusting multiple testing in multilocus analyses using the eigenvalues of a correlation matrix. Heredity. 2005, 95: 221-227. 10.1038/sj.hdy.6800717.

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Author information

Correspondence to Marie-Hélène Lambert.

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Open Access This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Keywords

  • Asthma
  • Single Nucleotide Polymorphism
  • Association Study
  • Atopic Dermatitis
  • Complex Trait